Terms of Reference


Welthungerhilfe is one of the largest private aid organisations in Germany. It is politically independent and non-denominational. Welthungerhilfe is fighting hunger around the world and is focusing its work around the Sustainable Development Goal 2: “Zero Hunger by 2030”. Since its establishment in 1962, more than 9,830 overseas projects in 70 countries have been supported with 3.95 billion euros. Welthungerhilfe works on…

Terms of Reference

Terms of Reference

Study on knowledge, attitude and practices regarding drinking safe water, andeffective tools for their sustainable improvement in Saptari & Siraha District, Nepal 

1.   Background

Deutsche Welthungerhilfe e.V. is one of the largest Non-Governmental Organizations in Germany operating in the field of Humanitarian Assistance and Development. It was established in 1962 as the German section of the “Freedom from Hunger Campaign”, one of the world’s first initiatives aimed at the eradication of hunger. Welthungerhilfe’s work is still dedicated to the following vision: all people have the right to a self-determined life in dignity and justice, free from hunger and poverty.

Welthungerhilfe (WHH) has been operational in Nepal since 2012, and it is currently managing different projects in nine districts under four thematic areas (sectors): food and nutrition security, WASH, Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), and right to food and empowerment. WHH works hand in hand with civil society in Nepal to empower socially marginalized and economically poor citizens, to strengthen their resilience and to ensure their right to adequate food and nutrition.

The project “Strengthening Municipal-wide WASH governance for social change in Saptari & Siraha districts” is implemented in 6 municipalities of Saptari and Siraha districts, namely Karjanaha, Kalyanpur, Siraha, Dakneswori, Rajgad and Bishnupur, through two implementing partners: Sabal Nepal and Mahuli Community Development Centre (MCDC). The project aims to contribute to improved access to safe drinking water, total sanitation, and nutrition security by strengthening WASH governance at municipal level. The project runs for 4 years (2018-2022) and is funded by BMZ, Viva con Agua and WHH.

Overall objectives of the project: Improving the health and nutritional status through strengthened WASH governance and the provision of basic water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, gender equality and empowerment of disadvantaged groups in Siraha and Saptari.

2.  Purpose of this assignment

Nepal’s 2015 Constitution states explicitly the right to safe water and sanitation in Article 35(4): “Every citizen shall have the right of access to clean drinking water and sanitation”. This acknowledgment has created a remarkable momentum for Nepal to achieve universal WASH coverage by 2030 and to be declared as “Open Defecation Free (ODF)” in 2019. According to WHO/UNICEF 2021 Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) report, Nepal made a significant progress in sanitation and ranked highest progress country in the list, reaching 49% of the population with access to safely managed sanitation services. In contrast, the access to safely managed drinking water has decreased from 27% to 18% despite the 89% of basic coverage in the country (JMP, 2019); as consequence, the improvement of drinking water supply services remains a high priority.

In southern regions of Nepal, most of the population fetch water for drinking purposes from shallow tube wells/dug wells fitted with handpumps as they don’t have access to a piped water supply scheme managed by the municipality. These water points are at high risk of contamination due to poor drainage and lack of proper operation & maintenance. Further, water points get every year contaminated with E-coli during floods caused by the monsoon. In 2020, Sabal Nepal tested the quality of 250 water samples collected from communal, institutional, and newly established handpumps of Siraha; the results showed the presence of E-coli in 27% of them. To worsen the situation, a significant percentage of households use water fetched at these water points for drinking without adopting any type of treatment, thus leading to the outbreak of water borne diseases such as diarrhoea and typhoid and putting public health at risk.

On the other hand, it has been observed that, in some communities, despite having access to water treated and supplied through piping system, the population continues to drink water from shallow tube wells. Further, some people are reluctant to connect and use piped water at their house.

WHH Nepal is looking to hire an independent qualified consultant/consulting firm with specific qualitative research track record in WASH behaviour. The proposed consultant/consulting firm will identify preferences, communication barriers, motivators/enablers and effective communication measures for the sustainable practice of household water treatment, willingness to pay/trust the service of piped water and behaviour change to drink safe water. The study should review the traditional knowledge, attitude, practices, and social norms linked to common WASH behaviours in the project area and identify a range of approaches/tools to deliver effective behaviour change campaigns on drinking water. It should review the current strategy for BCC activities of the project and advise on adaptations and/or changes to ensure the methodology is effective and sustainable beyond the lifetime of the project (sustainability of behaviours and sustainability of BCC activities). The consultant/consulting firm will undertake the study including data collection, data processing and analysis, and will produce a final report with recommendations that contribute to reach safely manged drinking water in the target area.

Please click here to download the detailed job description or Scope of Work or by following the link below;


The interested and qualified consultant/consulting firm must apply by 17:00 hours (COB) dated 23 November 2021 via email address given below. Email: procurement.nepal@welthungerhilfe.de

The proposal should include:

  • A brief technical proposal outlining how the work will be undertaken, the proposed methodology, the team composition, time schedule (around 5 pages maximum for the overall technical proposal).
  • A budget
  • A workplan
  • CVs of the proposed team members
  • Company profile (if bid is submitted through company)

If you have any question(s) on TOR, please write your queries at procurement.nepal@welthungerhilfe.de by COB 16 November 2021. Any queries received after 16 November will not be considered.

Please note that the selected consultants/consulting firm should adhere with WHH SOP for development project in context of COVID19 and government protocols regarding COVID19 prevention. The field plan may differ considering the current COVID19 scenario.

Only short-listed applicants will be contacted for further evaluation process. Welthungerhilfe Nepal reserves all the rights to reject any or all application without assigning any reasons.